Rotterdam

#jwtarq_rotterdam

If everyone realized that architecture goes beyond the walls of a building, it would become a positive mechanism to achieve the change that communities need, through reaching and solving social problems and counteracting the materialism that society is accustomed. It is through the use of connections, colors, terraces and vegetation that the building emerges as a response to improving people's lives, in which everything unfolds around an ideal: sharing.

A project in which architecture goes beyond design and becomes a part of social behavior, giving solutions not only in times of crisis.

Rotterdam Green Housing emerges as an abstraction of one of the simplest volumes, the cube, to create a complex program that is governed through social interaction and environmental and human values.

The basic idea of the program and project is a market aimed for young people, students, people starting their careers or families, in a stage that usually is defined by many changes and moving around from apartment to apartment. The residential program of the Rotterdam Green Housing complex is complemented by public services and work at street level, seeking to put an end to the defined “stage of moving” creating a space where users and residents can have everything within reach, through a program based on the needs of all potential users and the public itself, redefining the era and the concept of ideal housing for people of the new millennium.

Through L- Shaped volumes and connections through terraces and slopes, emphasis is given to the development of common areas that help through coexistence and sharing (through vegetation and optimization of different renewable energies) to improve the quality of life and respond to the needs of the people of the new millennium and the town of the port, creating a new model of adaptable housing, original and with its own character.

The program unfolds around four main complexes, which are distinguished by their colors: pink, yellow, green and blue. Each of the colors, representing one of the most iconic elements in the Netherlands and Rotterdam, the tulip and seaport water.

At the same time, each of the different colors is assigned a type of user, which were determined from an analysis of the population between 22 and 40 years old, the people of the new millennium.

Users are defined as the following and the modulation of each of their housing prototypes, taking into account sunlight, winds, average age of the resident, occupation and the number of hours they spend at home, from which four types were generated of modules based on the square meters established by the WHO (World Health Organization) to live optimally and in the standard spaces for apartments and houses of the London Plan.

60 m2

 

Number of people: 1-2

 

Number of rooms: 1

 

(The pod can be replicated in the student and average worker units)

 

The aqua module was developed as a response to housing for people who work from home.

Factors involving orientations, lighting and ventilation were analyzed to create an ideal space for people who spend more than 16 hours at home.

The vegetation used in the aqua complex is directly linked to the themes of VENTILATION AND SMELL, which is why the creation of spice gardens in these modules is optimized, generating a SENSORY EXPERIENCE THROUGH AGRICULTURE

50 m2

 

Number of people: 1- 2

 

Number of rooms: 1

 

(The pod can be replicated in the

average worker and home-office units)

The student complex arises from the development of the

following premises:

 

· They make up 23% of the European population

· They are in a population that is extremely aged, so it is important to GIVE THEM A PLACE THEY CAN FEEL IS THEIRS.

 

The student-millennial complex (yellow) is the one with the most amenities, meeting areas and social development

 

Generating through these, the COEXISTENCE POINTS

(public terraces and lounges) of the rest of the building’s complexes

35 m2

 

Number of people: 1 (Individual)

 

Number of rooms: 1

 

(The pod can be replicated in the student units)

According to the analyzed dimensions, the basic user is proposed as the AVERAGE WORKER

 

People who spend 8-10 HOURS AT HOME

 

Rooms designed according to the standard squared meters to live comfortably

According to the analysis of sun exposure and the squared meters of green areas per inhabitant required according to the WHO1, to guarantee the optimal quality of life, the following agricultural activities are broken down:

 

GROWING AND HARVESTING OF TOMATOES AND PEARS:

 

Rotterdam is the world’s leading exporter and

because the orientation of the modules allows the plants to develop properly, that is, they can be in the sun for at least 8 hours a day.

70 m2

 

Number of people: 3

 

Number of rooms: 2

 

(The pod can be replicated in the student’s units)

 

The development of housing aimed for YOUNG FAMILIES is governed by the following characteristics:

 

The Dutch know how to enjoy life and live relaxed, they are the first places in the happiness index worldwide

 

Holland is a country where the sun is not seen very often and winters are long and dark, having cozy homes and public places is of vital importance

 

The result is the pod with the widest and most illuminated spaces in the complex, with large terraces that allow optimal distribution of spaces and ventilation.

GROWING AND HARVESTING OF TULIPS AND

HYDROPONIC GARDENS:

 

In order to incorporate green areas into the residential space, in the way that the WHO recommends, squared meters are used to cultivate one of the plants with the greatest influence on the Dutch economy:

TULIPS.

 

Likewise, being a complex that is governed by the energy generated by water, the vegetation used in these modules grows from the treatment of gray water, through the hydroponic method in the different gardens.

 

 Improving the health of citizens, supporting sustainable economic development and improving spatial quality.

Each of the modular pods consist of a nucleus of services, damp walls and unifying the rooms through an open plan, allowing to re-define the homes of the future as modular spaces.

VOLUMETRIC JUSTIFICATION

• The movement of the sun and winds throughout the year were studied to generate a parametric shape and position the volumes of the building, allowing lighting suitable for the user and generating privacy.

 

• Large colored concrete links create imposing and dynamic facades, the entrance of the complex is defined by organic forms and curves developed from the analysis of the prevailing winds to enunciate a monumental character to the building, inviting the user to experience the space, but respectful of the context through the establishment of the same heights used in all the surrounding buildings.

 

• Windows positioned with different angles that allow views to be generated to the best corners of the street and the city, in order to obtain dynamism in the building and which, at the same time, when open, allow you to feel the city.

 

• On the first floors, open spaces are created for common use

 

• Breakage and orientation of corners to open spaces in the area to avoid blind walls.

WATER TREATMENTS

 

COLLECTION SYSTEMS

90% of the city of Rotterdam is below sea level, so most of the residential area faces flood risks.

 

ELEVATION OF BUILDINGS

• Construction was raised 20 cm to avoid flooding, adaptation pending

• Underground parking lots that become emergency tanks

 

PARKS AND GREEN AREAS

  • Creation of artificial lakes that merge with semi-sunken parks with vegetation that grows based on large amounts of water to act as reserves in case of flooding

  • Public amenities that collect flood water in emergencies: Fountains, gardens, sports fields, which serve as retention ponds

  • Concrete paving systems aren't used in gardens, to allow the soil to absorb rainwater.

WAREHOUSE AND TREATMENT OF GRAY WATERS

 

Conduction of a gray water treatment center on site, which subsequently stores the treated water and is used for the development of a water-based air conditioning system, as well as irrigation systems for crops, parks and green areas.

USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES

 

The average house energy consumption in Europe, adding electricity and gas is → 60 Kwh per day, considering an average house of three inhabitants, that is, 20 Kwh per person

Although the economy of the Netherlands falls to the fossil fuel industry, there are options, such as capturing heat from the factories responsible for treating the fuels, to later use them to heat the greenhouses used in agriculture.

Development: Employ a similar system in the self-cultivation zone of the residents of the building, agriculture that can be used both for own consumption, as well as for restaurants located in the commercial zone and offer discounts to residents.

• Use windside turbines to collect wind energy.

• Optimize the use of corrosion resistant ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) plastic, which is 100 times lighter than window glass.

From this, it is decided to use the following renewable energy options in housing typologies: hydro-electric (rainwater), solar and wind

 

Hydro-electric energy - VIOLET PODS

90% of the city of Rotterdam is below sea level, so most of the residential area faces flood risks.

 

The idea of ​​generating energy for the modules from water, arises from the premise:

 

“YOU HAVE TO GIVE SPACE FOR THE WATER TO FLOW, INSTEAD OF TRYING TO RETAIN IT.”

 

USING HYDRAULIC MICRO TURBINES IN UNITS - 25 kW to 200 kW are generated, supplying 100% of the energy needs of pod and combating one of the main problems in the area; floods.

 

Solar Energy – YELLOW AND GREEN PODS

 

According to the analyzed orientation of the green housing unit, it is proposed to implement a SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM

 

The power produced by the 24V solar panels strategically placed (200 W)

according to the sunlight path on the lot, allows 100% SUPPLY OF THE ENERGY REQUIRED by each pod.

Wind Energy → AQUA PODS

 

The energy system used, wind, is based on the accommodation of the volumes that make up the complex, oriented according to the prevailing winds in the area, creating the so-called VENTURI EFFECT1 between the modules and optimizing the generation of sufficient energy to supply the entire complex.

 

This combination of energies will allow the building to be 100% self-sustainable.

GREEN AREAS PER INHABITANT

 

According to the WHO, to guarantee the optimal quality of life, a total of 9 squared meters of green areas per inhabitant in a dwelling is proposed; From this, it is proposed that depending on the number of people and the orientation of each complex, governed by its sun and prevailing winds, the following agricultural activities be broken down:

• VIOLET MODULES

Tulip cultivation and harvesting: because the Netherlands produces 80% of flower bulbs

 

Area: It is recommended to plant five bulbs per ninety square centimeters, and plant them at the same depth (15 cm deep and spaced between each seed)

Climate: They can flourish in spaces that are illuminated for 6 hours, semi-lit or completely in shade

 

• GREEN MODULES

Tomato cultivation and harvest: World's leading exporter

 

Area: Soil depth should not be less than 45 cm, in a hole of 15 cm x 10 cm, per plant, with a distance of 60 cm between each plant

Climate: where you can receive the sun throughout the day, that is, at least 8 hours a day.

 

• AQUA MODULES

Pepper cultivation and harvest: World's leading exporter

Hydroponic spice gardens

Area: 30 cm containers

Climate: 6 hours of minimum daily sun, soil humidity of 70%

 

• YELLOW MODULE

Cultivation and harvest of Cucumbers: World's leading exporter

 

Area: in separate lines at 1 m and placing 2-3 seeds every 70 cm between each other and 3 cm deep. It can be planted on small loins. For pickles, the crop is sown 1.5m between lines and 0.15m between plants

Climate: Light reflections a couple of hours a day

 

It is also assigned to the modules, the harvest of:

Fruit trees → Solar Modules

• Apple tree: 35-45 cm pots, sun exposure and moderate air currents

• Pear tree: 35-45 cm pots, sun exposure and moderate air currents

 

Aromatic plants that can be developed in hydroponics → Wind and Hydroelectric Modules

 

Peppermint, Basil, Oregano, Lavender and Parsley

COMMERCIAL SPACE

 

The commercial space seeks to be a space of COHESION BETWEEN THE PROJECT AND THE CONTEXT; A TRANSITION BETWEEN EVERYDAY CHAOS AND A MEETING SPACE.

 

It seeks to invite all users in the community to connect with residents, among vegetation, water, terraces and commerce that focuses on improving local business and consumption of the new millennium.

 

PROGRAM

Water plant + Electricity - 100.00 m2

Warehouse area for maintenance teams - 70.00 m2

TRADE IDEAS:

According to research,

Virtually connected stores - eg Amazon Go Take Out Spots - Take Out Food Spots "Instagrammeables" Bulk, ecological stores

 

A mixture of the energies used throughout the project; HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY that is developed through a connection to the canal in front and manifests as BODIES OF WATER. Solar energy generated in the exposed terraces. and WIND ENERGY that arises from the game of organic forms used in commercial premises, which originate FOLLOWING THE MOVEMENT OF THE PREVAILING WINDS.

 

 

The most important objectives in architecture reflect as an stimulation in urban gardens, employment of energies, beyond electric and the REFLECTION OF THE COMMUNITIES’ VALUES IN THE PROJECT’S DEVELOPMENT. The result?  a space that is not only improving the health of citizens, but also supporting sustainable economic development and improving spatial quality. Rotterdam Green Housing also contributes to enhancing social cohesion, getting people with a disadvantage back on the labour market, and

 

GENERATING THE BASE BEHAVIORS THAT WILL BE PART OF THE CHANGE THAT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE FUTURE.

 

STREET LEVEL PARKING LOT

Both outdoor and indoor (underground) parking section is proposed for cars and bicycles (20 cars and 100 bicycles)

 

Parking lot is strategically placed behind the building lot to leave main facade clean

• This type of housing development has income on one side of the building and the parking lot remains behind. Thus, the main façade (the one facing the street) remains representative and is used to expose the building's green spaces.
 

Exterior Area: 10 cars - 50 bicycles

Indoor (Underground): 10 cars - 50 bikes

STREET LEVEL PARKING LOT

Both outdoor and indoor (underground) parking section is proposed for cars and bicycles (20 cars and 100 bicycles)

 

Parking lot is strategically placed behind the building lot to leave main facade clean

• This type of housing development has income on one side of the building and the parking lot remains behind. Thus, the main façade (the one facing the street) remains representative and is used to expose the building's green spaces.
 

Exterior Area: 10 cars - 50 bicycles

Indoor (Underground): 10 cars - 50 bikes

SENSATIONS

 

WHAT SENSATIONS DO WE WANT TO ACHIEVE?

Feelings of comfort, dynamism and modernity, a place for people of the new millennium where spaces within the levels closest to the street serve as a transition between chaos and urban noise to reach a residential area. A modern space with dense design analysis and the tastes of potential users, which is incorporated into the context, but at the same time I managed to stand out without being so disruptive.

 

HOW DO WE WANT TO ACHIEVE IT?

Through the sharpening of the senses

 

View - Design of a unique facade that attracts attention and a lot of vegetation, that invites the user to know the interiors, since the income affected by the sides in the place of the main facade

 

Heard - Incorporate water into our project through the creation of an artificial stream that connects to the canal in front of the property so the user can hear the sound of water in the place of traffic and the city.

 

Touch: the use of wind energy inside the building so that it is always properly ventilated and users available in comfort.

Novel materials and textures.

 

Smell and Taste - Trade of all kinds, focused on the tastes of the people of the new millennium, technology, organic markets, restaurants

Roterdam, Holanda

Concurso 2020